Practice Areas: General Municipal, Land Use, Litigation
Attorney Jonathan Silverstein assists the firm’s clients in all facets of municipal, land use, business and general civil law. He has represented clients in a broad range of cases, including land use, civil rights, tort, contract, education, employment, and environmental, before all levels of the Massachusetts and Rhode Island trial courts, the United States District Court (Districts of Massachusetts and Rhode Island), the Massachusetts Appeals Court and Supreme Judicial Court, the Rhode Island Supreme Court, and the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. In addition, Jonathan counsels clients on general municipal law, licensing, land use, and permitting.
Jonathan is also the chair of the firm’s active Expanded Gaming and Casino practice. He has represented more than two dozen host and surrounding communities across Massachusetts and New York in negotiating agreements with gaming facility developers as well as ancillary matters, such as establishment of redevelopment authorities, negotiation of urban redevelopment agreements, and large-scale rezoning efforts.
- Civil Rights/Tort
- Freeman v. Town of Hudson, 714 F.3d 29 (1st Cir. 2013). Federal Court of Appeals upheld dismissal of federal civil rights claims brought by developer against members of the Town’s Police Department and Conservation Commission, claiming that his development activities were wrongfully scrutinized/regulated and that he was falsely arrested and criminally charged as a result of plaintiff’s dispute with his neighbor, who is also a member of the Town’s police department.
- Grossi Development LLC v. Town of Rehoboth, U.S.D.C. 1:10-cv-10728-RWZ
(Aug. 25, 2011) (Zobel, J.), affirmed 1st Cir. No. 2011-2365 (July 9, 2012). Federal District Court dismissed equal protection and due process claims by Chapter 40B developer, who claimed that Town’s Zoning Board of Appeals and Conservation Commission had interfered with ability to permit and construct residential housing development. The District Court’s judgment was affirmed by a panel of the United States Court of Appeals.
- Rocheleau v. Town of Millbury, 115 F.Supp. 173 (D.Mass. 2000). Federal District Court awarded summary judgment to the Town and Town officials on various civil rights and tort claims against the Town and police officers, arising out of a pretrial detainee’s alleged injuries while in a Town lock-up facility.
- Marinelli v. Stoughton Board of Selectmen, NOCV2008-00121 (2008). Superior Court dismissed equal protection and due process claims arising out of the Board of Selectmen’s vote to discontinue maintenance of a private road. Plaintiff claimed he was treated differently from others similarly situated and suffered damages as a result of the Board’s decision. The Court also rejected the plaintiff’s request for a review of the Board’s vote to discontinue maintenance.
- Comprehensive Permits/Enforcement
- Town of Boxborough v. Boxborough Meadows, LLC. In the settlement of the first-ever action by a municipality to enforce the profit limitation imposed upon recipients of comprehensive permits for affordable housing projects under G.L.c.40B, the developer agreed to pay $1.2 million to the Town, to be used for affordable housing purposes.
- DHL Associates v. Town of Tyngsborough, 64 Mass.App.Ct. 254 (2005). In a case of first impression, the Appeals Court held that Article 16 of the Massachusetts Declaration of Rights does not afford broader protections to adult entertainment than the First Amendment.
- Jackson v. Town of Belchertown, 84 Mass.App.Ct. 1107 (2013). Appeals Court upheld dismissal of wrongful termination claim by former police lieutenant, who claimed his position was eliminated in retaliation for his participation in the investigation of a town official’s son.
- City of New Bedford v. MCAD, 440 Mass. 450 (2003). SJC reversed MCAD’s decision to affirm arbitration award in favor of police officer, who claimed that decision to remove him from City’s SWAT teams was based upon unlawful handicap discrimination. In case of first impression, SJC adopted federal courts’ definition of “handicap” in ADA cases for purposes of claims under G.L. c.151B.
- Doe v. Superintendent of Schools of Stoughton, 437 Mass. 1 (2002). In the first case to interpret student-discipline provisions of G.L. c.71, §37H½ part of the Education Reform Act, the SJC upheld the decision of the Town’s Superintendent of Schools to suspend a student charged with a felony that took place off school premises and during the summer break. This decision reaffirms the broad discretion of school officials with respect to student discipline and safety.
- Town of Sturbridge v. Mobil Oil Company. $1.6 million settlement in groundwater contamination action, pursuant to G.L. c.21E.
- Antonio v. City of Peabody, 51 Mass.App.Ct. 655 (2001), MLW June 4, 2001 (opinion digest). Appeals Court reversed denial of City’s motion for summary judgment on grounds of inadequate presentment and ordered that judgment enter for City.
- Municipal Finance
- Iacobucci v. Town of Amesbury, 77 Mass.App.Ct. 1109 (1:28 Decision), further appellate review denied, 458 Mass. 1104 (2010). Appeals Court held that debt authorization for capital expenditure (library renovation project) was not subject to referendum process under municipal charter. Court also held that plaintiffs’ Open Meeting Law claim and mandamus claim (seeking enforcement of various chater provisions) were properly dismissed.
- Open Meeting Law
- Paicopolis v. Dartmouth School Committee, 72 Mass.App.Ct. 1117, further appellate review denied, 452 Mass. 1109 (2008). Appeals Court rejected a claim that the School Committee held improper executive sessions and also rejected a claim that the School Committee breached obligation of good faith and fair dealing with the public by considering various employment and contract matters in executive session.
- Junk Yard/Contempt
- City of Woburn v. Alfred V. Fraumeni, Jr., Inc., MICV1998-1437 and MICV2001-1231 (2006). After trial, Superior Court entered a Contempt Judgment against owner of property being used for storage of approximately 160 junk and disused vehicles. Court ordered repayment of City’s costs and attorney fees and provided for appointment of receiver (at property owner’s expense) if all vehicles, debris and equipment were not removed by set deadline.
- Real Estate (Registered Land)
- Town of Sandwich v. Panciocco, 48 Mass.App.Ct. 556, further appellate review denied, 431 Mass. 1105 (2000). Appeals Court affirmed summary judgment for plaintiff Town in right-of-way case involving inconsistencies between confirmation plan of defendant’s property and registration plan of plaintiff’s property.
- Real Estate (Right of Reverter)
- Faneuil Investors Group v. Board of Selectmen of Dennis, 458 Mass. 1 (2010). Supreme Judicial Court held that Town could enforce right of reverter to void sale of municipal land to housing authority, based upon housing authority’s failure to obtain permission of selectmen prior to granting mortgage on property. Mortgagee/Bank claimed that mortgage was not “conveyance” sufficient to trigger reverter clause.
- Sewer Connection
- Lemansky v. Charlton Water & Sewer Commission, WOCV2004-01107 (2005). Summary Judgment rejecting the claim of property owners that they were improperly denied connections to municipal sewer for a large-scale development based upon a narrow strip of land connecting the development site to a public way in which municipal sewer line was located. Court also upheld sewer connection moratorium as valid exercise of Commission’s authority.
- Subdivision Control
- Wine v. Planning Board of Newburyport, 74 Mass.App.Ct. 521 (2009). Appeals Court upheld denial of definitive subdivision approval and rejected property owners’ claims that: (1) compliance with current subdivision rules and regulations was not required due to prior approval of subdivision plan for the same property; and (2) that the Planning Board’s denial of a waiver requirement for centerline offset was motivated by an improper attempt to prevent further subdivision of the property in question.
- Subdivision Control/Damages
- Arello v. Town of Auburn, WOCV2008-02542 (2009). Superior Court dismissed claims for damages and to remove cloud on title, arising from filing of conditions of subdivision approval approximately fifteen years after the original decision of Planning Board and seven years after the plaintiff purchased subject property.
- Palitz v. Tisbury Zoning Board of Appeals, 470 Mass. 795 (2015). In a case of first impression, the Supreme Judicial Court held that endorsement of an Approval Not Required (ANR) plan under the so-called “existing structures exemption” of the Subdivision Control Law does not protect the resultant lots from zoning enforcement, where the division of land results in new nonconformities.
- Kennard v. Zoning Board of Appeals of Eastham, 52 Mass.App.Ct. 1005 (2001), MLW July 23, 2001 (opinion digest). Affirming judgment after trial upholding a decision of the Zoning Board of Appeals to deny plaintiff a special permit for the enlargement of a preexisting nonconforming structure and rejecting plaintiff’s argument that denial of a special permit for “de minimis” enlargement was abuse of discretion.
- Perotti-Cyrus v. Town of Sandwich, BACV2004-0767 (2009). After trial, Superior Court upheld a zoning enforcement order against the use of a cottage that was unlawfully sold into separate ownership from remaining cottages in a former seasonal cottage colony.
- Gaming Facilities
- City of Everett – Wynn Resorts: Representation of the City of Everett with respect to a proposed $1.75 billion resort casino, which has been granted the sole Boston-area gaming license and is being developed by Wynn Resorts. Negotiated with the first Host Community Agreement to be signed under the Massachusetts Expanded Gaming Act, which will (among numerous other benefits to the City) provide the City with $30 million in up-front payments and approximately $30 million per year in revenue after the facilities opens. Currently overseeing the City’s comprehensive land-use planning efforts related to the project, advising regarding establishment and activites of a Redevelopment Authority and Urban Renewal Plan, assisting with land acquisitions and dispositions and other project-related activities.
- Town of Plainville – Penn National Gaming: Represented Town of Plainville in the negotiation of a Hosting Community Agreement with respect to a $250 million Category 2 gaming and harness racing facility, which has been awarded a license by the Gaming Commission, to be added to the existing Plainridge harness racetrack and off-track betting facility. Under the agreement, the Town will receive a minimum of $4.3 million in annual revenues.
- City of West Springfield – Hard Rock International and MGM International: Represented the City of West Springfield as host community to an $800 million resort casino proposed by Hard Rock International. Negotiated a Host Community Agreement that would provide the City with a minimum of $18 million per year, as well as tens of millions of dollars in road and other public infrastructure improvements. Led the provision of all legal services to the City in connection with the project, including revisions to the City’s Zoning Ordinance, compliance with Gaming Commission requirements and other regulatory frameworks to accommodate the project. Also, successfully represented the City in the first-ever surrounding community arbitration with respect to a $800 Million casino project being developed by MGM International.
- City of New Bedford – KG Urban Development and Others: Represented the City of New Bedford in all aspects of negotiation, site assessment, project coordination and general legal services relative to proposed $650 million casino resort development.
- City of Albany, NY – Global Gaming Solutions/NYS Funding/Hard Rock International: Representation of City of Albany as potential host community to $300 million – $400 million resort casino.
- Village of Woodbury, NY – Caesars Entertainment Company: Representation of Woodbury as host community to $880 million resort casino.
- City of Leominster – Cordish Companies: Negotiated a Host Community Agreement with respect to a proposed $200 million slot machine gaming facility. Under the Agreement, the City will receive 2% of the facility’s Gross Gaming Revenues, with the minimum payments totaling $3.8 million.
- Town of Millbury – Rush Street Gaming: Represented the Town of Millbury in the negotiation of a Host Community Agreement with respect to a proposed $200 million slot maching gaming facility. Under the agreement, the Town would receive a minimum of $3.25 million in annual revenues.
- Surrounding Communities: Representation of more than a dozen potential surrounding communities in negotiations and arbitrations with developers of numerous proposed gaming facilities.
- Other Large-Scale Development Matters
- City of Everett: River’s Edge (formerly Telecom City) (over 250,000 s.f. business as well as public parkland and major road and other public infrastructure improvements).
- Town of Westford: Cornerstone Square (250,000 s.f. of retail/mixed use space)
- Town of Westford: Tech Park West (over 975,000 s.f. of office/research space)
- City of Woburn: Trade Center 128 (500,000 square feet of office/mixed use)
Rhode Island Supreme Court
Law Clerk, Justice Victoria Lederberg (1995-1996)
- Named a “Super Lawyer” in Municipal Law in the 2016 edition of the Super Lawyers Magazine
- Named a “Super Lawyer” in Municipal Law in the 2015 edition of the Super Lawyers Magazine
- Named a “Rising Star” in Municipal Law in the 2010 edition of Super Lawyers Magazine
- Named one of five “Up and Coming Lawyers” by Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly in 2004
- Massachusetts Bar Association, Civil Litigation Division
- Steering Committee Member, Municipal Coalition for Affordable Housing (MCAH)
- Massachusetts Bar
- Rhode Island Bar
- U.S. District Court (Mass.)
- U.S. District Court (Rhode Island)
- U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
- Supreme Court of the United States
Boston College Law School
Juris Doctor, 1995
Editor, Environmental Affairs Law Review
Practicing Student Attorney, Office of the Attorney General, Government Bureau, Boston, MA(1994-1995)
Bachelor of Arts, cum laude, with High Honors, 1992
- “Procurement Opportunities in the Gaming Sector: A Good Bet for those Who Play By the Rules,” Boston Bar Journal, Summer 2015
- Comment: “Taking Wetlands to the Bank: The Role of Wetland Mitigation Banking in a Comprehensive Approach to Wetland Protection,” Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review, Volume 22, Number 1
- Author,” Lucas One Year Later: Merely a Footnote to the Regulatory Takings Doctrine,”National Environmental Enforcement Journal, September 1993
- Zoning Exemptions, Citizen Planner Training Collaborative Annual Meeting, March 2017
- Massachusetts Case Study—Host and Surrounding Community Agreements, National Conference of Legislators from Gaming States Annual Meeting, July 2016
- Zoning Code Administration and Enforcement, Eastern States Building Officials Federation Annual Conference, Portsmouth, NH (April 2016).
- Exempt Uses Under the Massachusetts Zoning Act, Massachusetts Building Commissioners and Inspectors Association (July 2015).
- Hot Topics in Zoning Law, Boston Bar Association (May 2015).
- Casino Gaming, State Policy and Local Planning, Massachusetts Association of Planning Directors (MAPD), Westminster, MA (Jan. 2014).
- Surrounding Communities Under the Massachusetts Gaming Act, Massachusetts Continuing Legal Eduction (MCLE), Boston, MA (Dec. 2013).
- Massachusetts Gaming Law Update 2012, Massachusetts Continuing Legal Education (MCLE), Boston, MA (Dec.2012) (Panel included national gaming law experts and a member of the Massachusetts Gaming Commission).
- Casino Coming to Town, Planning at a Crossroads, presented at the annual conference fo the Southern New England American Planning Association (SNEAPA), Hartford, CT (Sept. 2012).
- There’s a New Game in Town – What Municipalities Need to Know About the Casino Legislation, Webinar (Jan. 2012), available for viewing at www.k-plaw.com.